The History And Development Of The Modern Batteries - VictorPro

The History And Development Of The Modern Batteries

The history and development of the modern battery

Batteries are the most dramatic object. Other things stop working or they break, But Batteries… They Die.”

~Demetri Martin

The dramatic quote parallels with the dramatic changes that electricity and its subordinates have gone through. The beginnings often can never measure the variety of curves an evolution can take. The diversity of progression led to what we call a normal “battery“. Today the market is occupied by names like AA and AAA in the field of batteries. For the last four centuries, humankind has the access to electricity. Perhaps it was around even before but it came to the human disposal in the 1800s. Even though that access was extremely confined. The earliest method of generating electricity occurred by creating a static charge. In 1660, Otto von Guericke constructed the first electrical machine that consisted of a large sulfur globe that, when rubbed and turned, attracted feathers and small pieces of paper. Guericke was able to prove that the sparks generated were truly electrical.


The pioneer in the world of static electricity was an “electric pistol”. It was invented by Alessandro Volta (1745-1827). He placed a wire in the jar filled with methane gas, if a spark was sent through the wire then the jar would explode. Volta tried to build a long-distance communication using this reaction but the process failed.

In 1791, while working at Bologna University, Luigi Galvani discovered that

the muscle of a frog contracted when touched by a metallic object. This

phenomenon came to be known as animal electricity — a misnomer, as the

theory was later disproved. Prompted by these experiments, Volta initiated a

series of experiments using zinc, lead, tin, or iron as positive plates. Copper,

silver, gold, or graphite were used as negative plates.

Volta led to the discovery that a continuous flow of electricity is created if a liquid conductor was used to conduct the chemical reaction. This was known as the first Voltaic Cell, which is popularly also called the battery. The further discovery led Volta to conclude that more voltage was produced when these cells were stacked over each other.

Fast forward to 1802, Dr. William Cruickshank invented the first-ever electricity battery which was capable of mass production. He had arranged square sheets of Copper and Zinc which were held together with the help of grooves. They were put in a big rectangular box and were filled with an Electrolyte of Brine. And at the end of was cemented.

The other method of producing electricity came later on which was through magnetism. In 1820, André-Marie Ampère (1775-1836) noticed that electricity-carrying wires joined together at times but they also repelled.

It was demonstrated In 1831 by Michael Faraday (1791-1867) how a copper disc was able to successfully provide a constant flow of electricity when revolved in a strong magnetic field. Faraday, assisting Davy and his research team, triumphed in generating an endless electrical force as long as the movement between a coil and magnet continued. The electric generator was invented. This process was then reversed and the electric motor was discovered. Shortly thereafter, transformers were developed that could convert electricity to the desired voltage. In 1833, Faraday established the foundation of electrochemistry with Faraday’s Law, which describes the amount of reduction that occurs in an electrolytic cell.

In 1836, John F. Daniell, an English chemist, invented an improved battery

that produced a steadier current than Volta’s device. Until then, only primary cells were in use of the people., meaning that they could not be recharged. In 1859, the French physician Gaston Platé invented the first rechargeable battery. This secondary battery was based on lead-acid chemistry, a system that is in use even today.

In 1899, Waldmar Jungner from Sweden invented the nickel-cadmium

battery, in which nickel was used as a positive electrode and cadmium as the

negative one. Two years later, Thomas Alva Edison produced an alternative design by replacing cadmium with iron. Due to high material costs compared to dry cells or lead-acid storage batteries, the practical applications of nickel-cadmium and nickel-iron batteries were limited.


Present Day Batteries

The world today’s runs on “small-sized dynamics”. Everyone looks for small sizes of batteries with higher durability. And guess who got your back? Yes, it’s VictorPro ( They provide the widest variety of AA/AAA batteries. VictorPro Intense AA / AAA batteries can be stored for 10 years and thus it’s a good option to buy in bulk to save money as they can be used for a long time, VictorPro leads in value and customer satisfaction.

Talking about the latest update, various kinds of batteries like Zinc Chloride, Alkaline batteries, Lithium-ion, and various rechargeable batteries have occupied the stores. Let’s have a look at these in brief.

  • Zinc Carbon Batteries

Zinc carbon batteries also known as the Leclanché cell was invented by French scientist Georges Leclanché in 1866. Zinc carbon batteries contain ammonium chloride as an electrolyte that acts as a conductive solution, Carbon as a cathode(positive terminal), and zinc as an anode(negative terminal), It was one of the earliest types of batteries with a voltage of 1.4 volts.

  • Zinc Chloride Batteries

It was first invented in 1899. It is an updated version of zinc-carbon batteries.

Zinc Chloride batteries have a voltage of 1.5 volts compared to the 1.4 volts of zinc-carbon batteries. Zinc chloride batteries use zinc chloride as an electrolyte compared to the ammonium chloride used in zinc-carbon batteries, Acetylene black as cathode, and zinc as the anode which generates a higher service time compared to zinc-carbon batteries. Zinc chloride batteries use higher purity materials. VictorPro Ultra Gold Zinc Chloride Batteries Lasts up to 2x longer compared to ordinary zinc carbon batteries making it an ideal choice.

  • Alkaline Batteries

Alkaline batteries are primary batteries that get their name from having an alkaline electrolyte potassium hydroxide (KOH) instead of ammonium chloride in zinc-carbon batteries and zinc chloride in zinc chloride batteries, The cathode in alkaline batteries is magnesium dioxide and the anode is zinc. Alkaline batteries have a higher energy density compared to zinc-carbon and zinc chloride batteries and last longer in devices. Alkaline batteries also come in several types such as AA, AAA, 9 Volts, C, D, and many more types.

VictorPro Intense Alkaline batteries do not contain any mercury, cadmium, or any other harmful chemicals making it an ideal and safest choice for your family and environment

  • Rechargeable Batteries

As the name suggests, these batteries can be recharged after being discharged, There are several types of rechargeable batteries such as Nickle-Metal Hydride NIMH, Nickle-Cadmium batteries NICD which are available in AA, AAA, and other battery types, They have a lower voltage of 1.2 volts compared other types of batteries such as alkaline and zinc chloride. There are newer types of rechargeable batteries such as Lithium-ion batteries which come in a higher voltage of 3 volts which does not allow them to be used in devices that require 1.5 volts energy supply provided by the AA, AAA, C, D type of batteries and are thus used in devices such as mobile phones, electric vehicles, and high voltage devices.

Since a very early age, humans have been fascinated by electricity. The massive industrialization would not have been possible if electricity was not available. The constantly evolving world craved for portable power supply for wheeled applications and Later adopted batteries as they shifted towards portable and wearable devices.

The dynamic developments for the world of industrial consistency would have never succeeded if it was not supported by the constant innovations in the field of batteries. Also, did you know The Egyptians have been known to have electroplated antimony onto copper over 4300 years ago? Perhaps, batteries have existed even before its formal discovery.

Thus we hope the above article has helped you understand how batteries have evolved and continue to evolve.


About Us: VictorPro

“We value quality and power”.VictorPro is the manufacturer of the leading dry cell batteries Alkaline and Zinc Chloride in India and a wide area around the globe. Some products like the VictorPro Intense AAA battery, VictorPro Intense AA battery, VictorPro Ultra Gold AAA battery, and VictorPro Ultra Gold AA battery have received extremely satisfying responses from the customers.

This in and around sums up the overall definition and functioning of a battery. It is something which is a very essential element and is a crucial part of our day-to-day life. Hence, basic knowledge should be acquired to know the basic functioning of the devices around you. This makes you a well-informed individual.

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